The transit regime for landlocked states

by Kishor Uprety

Publisher: World Bank in Washington, DC

Written in English
Cover of: The transit regime for landlocked states | Kishor Uprety
Published: Downloads: 256
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  • Landlocked states,
  • Access to the sea (International law),
  • Transit by land (International law)

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

StatementKishor Uprety.
SeriesLaw, justice, and development
LC ClassificationsKZ1555 .U67 2005
The Physical Object
Paginationp. cm.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3425284M
ISBN 100821362992
LC Control Number2005048615

  Uzbekistan is the third landlocked state in recent years to request the use of Pakistani ports for trade, according to media reports. The Central Asian nation has asked to join Quadrilateral Traffic in Transit Agreement (QTTA) to make use of Karachi and Gwadar ports for its trade operations.   *The Transit Regime of Landlocked States: International Law and Development Perspectives, World Bank (). *Conflict and Cooperation on South Asia's International : Principal Programming and . Article Use of terms. 1. For the purposes of this Convention: (a) "land-locked State" means a State which has no sea-coast; (b) "transit State" means a State, with or without a sea-coast. Within Europe the landlocked and transit states had managed to devise a system of internationalized rivers, special transit rights, free zones in ports and other arrangements to secure the relatively free flow of goods and people between the land-locked states and the sea.

  Enterprises regard landlocked trading partners as unreliable, since transit states can interrupt commerce. A strike by Chilean customs officials in caused a . Get this from a library! The cost of being landlocked: logistics costs and supply chain reliability. [Jean-François Arvis; Gaël Raballand; Jean-François Marteau; World Bank. Poverty Reduction and Economic Management. International Trade Department.; World Bank. Africa Technical Families. Transport Unit.] -- A large proportion of the least developed countries are landlocked and their access. The United Nations has an Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS). It mainly holds the view that high transport costs due to distance and terrain result in the erosion of competitive edge for exports from landlocked countries. In addition, it recognizes the constraints on landlocked. The UN convention, adopted in , does say that "landlocked states shall enjoy freedom of transit through the territory of transit states by all means of transport.".

Landlocked countries on practice appear to have almost no choice for choosing the way for the transit of their output to the markets, and land transportation prices can be the subject of the monopoly pricing. In such case everything depends upon the relationships with the country of transit and how kind the government of the transit state would be. geography against development a case for landlocked developing countries Posted By Wilbur Smith Public Library TEXT ID cf7 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library has an office of the high representative for the least developed countries landlocked developing countries and small island developing states the un ohrlls holds the view.   For the African Union (AU) and its 54 member states, the upcoming Third India-Af­rica Forum Summit (IAFS) in October will be an important indicator of New Delhi’s commitment to .

The transit regime for landlocked states by Kishor Uprety Download PDF EPUB FB2

'The Transit Regime for Landlocked States' assesses the strengths and limits of existing international law related to the free access of landlocked states to and from the sea. The book analyzes whether the provisions of international law satisfy the economic demands of landlocked states, the majority of which are among the world's poorest nations.

The book reviews the several Cited by: "The Transit Regime for Landlocked States" assesses the strengths and limits of existing international law related to the free access of landlocked states to and from the sea.

The book analyzes whether the provisions of international law satisfy the economic demands of landlocked states, the majority of which are among the world’s poorest nations. The book reviews the several principles of international. This study reviews the evolution of the regime of landlocked States, with spe-cial attention to the link between international law and development.

The study provides a detailed The transit regime for landlocked states book account of the legal, and to some extent the politi-cal, relations of landlocked and transit countries and examines the difficulties all these countries have faced. The Transit Regime for Landlocked States by Kishor Uprety,available at Book Depository with free delivery : Kishor Uprety.

Focusing on the link between international law and development, this study reviews the evolutionary features of the transit regime of landlocked States.

It provides a detailed historical account of the legal - and to some extent political - relations amongst landlocked and transit countries, and examines the problems and difficulties that these countries have faced.

Part II examines doctrines and theories that have influenced the evolution of the legal regime that applies to landlocked States.

Part III reviews the progress the international community has achieved over the decades in devising legal mechanisms to address the problems these States face. The transit regime for landlocked states [electronic resource]: international law and development perspectives / Kishor Uprety.

Format Online Resource Book Published Washington, D.C.: World Bank, c Description xviii, p. ; 23 cm. Other contributors NetLibrary, Inc. Series. The transit regime for landlocked states: international law and development pespectives (Inglês) Resumo. This study traces the development of the international law related to the free access of landlocked States to and from the by: International law development and the transit trade of land-locked states: The case of Bolivia.

Hamburg: Metzner. Organization of American States, Economic Conference of the Organization of American States. Transportation and economic growth: The La Plata River system. Document Buenos Aires: OAS. Paraguay, Ministerio de Relaciones.

ritorial sea of coastal States 5 also has been cited in support of an analogous right of transit for land-locked States. Some writers have maintained that: the right of land-locked States to free transit over land is the same as recognized in territorial waters as a right of innocent passage.

The Transit Regime for Landlocked States 作者: Uprety, Kishor 出版社: World Bank 出版年: 页数: 定价: $ 装帧: Pap ISBN: 豆瓣评分. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea provided rights for land-locked states on the sea.

More importantly, the convention provided them with the right of access to and from the seas and freedom of transit. However, the law makes such rights subject to the agreements to be made by land-locked and transit states. This, in turn, depends on the prevailing relations.

Contracting State to establish or permit the establishment of permanent facilities on its territory for such assembly, disassembly or reassembly; (c) the term "transit State" means any Contracting State with or without a sea-coast, situated between a land-locked State and the sea, through whose territory "traffic in transit.

most land-locked and transit states, the transport systems used by land-locked states are inadequate in facilities, maintenance, and management.

Frequently, there are serious im balances in the direction or seasonal flow of goods as well. Communications, which are essential to keep transit traffic flowing smoothly, often are inadequate or.

The Transit Regime for Landlocked States: International Law and Development Perspectives (Law, Justice, and Development Series) pages | English | ISBN | ISBN the territory of transit States by all means of transport.

The terms and modalities for exercising freedom of transit shall be agreed between the land-locked States and transit States concerned through bilateral, sub regional or regional agreements.

Transit States. The Convention on Transit Trade of Land-locked States is a multilateral treaty that addresses international rules allowing for land-locked countries to transport goods to and from seaports. The convention imposes obligations on both land-locked states and on coastal states that ratify the treaty.

The convention was concluded at the United Nations Conference on Transit Trade of Land-locked. The Transit Regime for Landlocked States; Theoretical Bases; Principles, Doctrines, and Theories Influencing the Right of Access to the Sea also defended by a number of transit States, argues that the transit right lies on the consent of the transit State.

this view opposes the idea that a government should insist on reserving to itself. "The Transit Regime for Landlocked States" assesses the strengths and limits of existing international law related to the free access of landlocked states to and from the sea.

The book analyzes whether the provisions of international law satisfy the economic demands of landlocked states, the majority of which are among the world’s poorest nations.

The book reviews the several principles. than transit developing countries and other developing countries: the median share in – among transit countries was per cent, compared with per cent among other developing countries.

The question is, to what extent does the state of being landlocked keep LLDCs in the production and export of primary commodities.

The Transit Regime for Landlocked States (World Bank, ) Implementing a WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation: What Makes Sense. Michael Finger and John S. Wilson, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper). 1 The Notion of Landlocked States. To define what an LLS is, it is necessary to define the term "State" along with the phrase "without access to the sea." A "State" is the essential and original subject of international law.

2 States "have juridical personality in international law; for example, they are apt to have rights and duties.". Landlocked Developing Countries to be held from 3 to 5 November in Vienna, Austria. The United Na-tions Office of the High Representative for the Least De - veloped Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries, and Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS) has been supporting LLDCs and mobilizing international.

This book proposes a new analytical framework to interpret and model the constraints faced by logistics chains in landlocked countries. The case of LLDCs has naturally received special attention for decades, including a specific set of development priorities based on the idea of dependence over the transit state.

The differences between landlocked states and enclaves is small but significant. The problems of enclaves are more delicate and serious than those of other landlocked states.

Indeed, their mere existence depends upon the benevolence of their encircling neighbors. All enclaves are without access, but the reverse is not true. Calls upon the United Nations system to continue studying, within the scope of the implementation of the present resolution, possible ways of promoting more effective cooperative arrangements between landlocked States in Central Asia and their transit neighbours and to encourage a more active supportive role on the part of the donor community; 5.

For almost a century, the major impact of being landlocked has been on dependence on the transit state.9 Dependence on the transit10 state implies high transaction costs (notably transport costs). Connecting landlocked developing countries to markets: trade corridors in the 21st century (English) Abstract.

The importance of transport corridors for trade and development, including for some of the poorest countries in the world, is widely recognized in this book. Establishment of Inter-State Road Transit Regime. ARTICLE 2 An Inter-State Road Transit Regime is hereby established among Member States of ECOWAS for the purpose of facilitating the movement of goods in their territory as defined in Article 1.

ARTICLE 3 The provisions of Article 2 of this Convention shall, however, not apply to the following. In this regard, both landlocked and neighbouring transit countries can benefit from actions taken to increase the efficiency of transit transport.

To give appropriate emphasis to the continuing problems faced by landlocked and transit developing countries and the need to improve their transit. A transit regime is a set of operating procedures that governs how goods are transported between countries, implemented mostly by customs agencies.

It is basically a document recognized by several transit countries that allows goods to move smoothly (without extensive border checks or import duties) through any transit country to a landlocked.this problem.

Nor has work been done on former landlocked states, on the new landlocked states of the '90s (many created as a result of the dissolution of the U.S.S.R.), or on the historical geographical disadvantage faced by many states with a limited access to the sea.

2. How can the international community turn some of the world’s poorest, landlocked countries, into thriving, land-linked nations? On Thursday, at UN Headquarters, Member States will renew commitments they have made, to eradicate poverty in the 32 countries designated as Landlocked Developing Countries, or LLDCs.